Patient-Centered and People-Centered Care: Background

Patient-Centered and People-Centered Care: Background

Numerous health care practitioners have recommended redirecting the modern healthcare system from the traditional doctor-centered and disease-centered approaches to one that is more focused on the patients, as well as the people and their communities. Nevertheless, these so-called patient-centered and people-centered approaches are changing the modern delivery of health care services and the roles and […]

Intel Core i9: Advantages and Disadvantages

Intel Core i9: Advantages and Disadvantages

Both the Intel Core i7 and Intel Core i9 are high-end processors positioned for power users. However, between the two, the latter has been positioned as an even more powerful CPU engineered and marketed for enthusiast-level users with better processing capabilities, as well as advanced Turbo Boost and Hyper-Threading features. Advantages and Applications of Intel […]

Intel Core i7: Advantages and Disadvantages

Intel Core i7: Advantages and Disadvantages

First introduced in late 2008 by Intel Corporation, the Intel Core i7 has been positioned as a computer processor for high-end and business segments of the entire computer market. The chip has been featured in several top-tier products to include the high-end models of Mac computers from Apple and gaming laptops from Razer and Asus, […]

Intel Core i3: Advantages and Disadvantages

Intel Core i3: Advantages and Disadvantages

Compared to the Intel Core i5 and the Intel Core i7, as well as the Intel Core i9, the Intel Core i3 is an entry-level computer processor first introduced by Intel Corporation in January 2010 following the retirement of the Core 2 processor family. Advantages and Applications of Intel Core i3 Inexpensive Desktop Computer Processor […]

Intel Core i5: Advantages and Disadvantages

Intel Core i5: Advantages and Disadvantages

The Intel Core i5 is a computer processor developed and marketed by Intel Corporation. First introduced in September 2009 as a mainstream variant of Intel Core i7 and a higher-tier processor than the Intel Core i3, it has since been used in medium-range to high-range desktop and laptop computers. Advantages and Applications of Intel Core […]

Macrophages: Functions, Mechanism, Significance

Macrophages: Functions, Mechanism, Significance

Macrophages are one of the major types of white blood cells or leukocytes of the immune system that play an important role in the innate immune response against pathogens, foreign substances, cancer cells, and cellular debris. What Are Macrophages? Where Do They Come From? How Do They Work? Origins and Development of Macrophages Some of […]

Thymus: Functions and Significance

Thymus: Functions and Significance

The thymus is a primary lymphoid organ located behind the sternum, between the upper portions of the lungs, and in front of the heart. As part of the immune system, it is primarily responsible for the maturation and differentiation of a specific type of white blood cells or leukocytes called thymus leukocytes or T cells. […]

T Cells Explained: Roles and Types of Thymus Lymphocytes

T Cells Explained: Roles and Types of Thymus Lymphocytes

Thymus lymphocytes or T cells are a specific type of white blood cells or leukocytes developed in the thymus organ that play a central role in the immune response and the adaptive immune system. Specifically, T cells attack cells infected by a pathogen, activate other immune cells, and produce cytokines and chemokines, while also playing a […]

What are Chemokines: Role in Immune Response

What are Chemokines: Role in Immune Response

Chemokines are small proteins that form a specific class or subgroup of signaling molecules called cytokines. Note that the word “chemokines” is a neologism for “chemotactic cytokines” coined in 1992 during the Third Symposium on Chemotactic Cytokines. Note that “chemotaxis” pertains to the movement of an organism or cells in response to a chemical stimulus […]

Role of Cytokines: Immunomodulating Agents

Role of Cytokines: Immunomodulating Agents

Cytokines are immunomodulating agents responsible for regulating the immune response. They are produced and secreted by certain immune and non-immune cells. More specifically, they are a broad and loose category of small proteins that collectively function as a significant communication mechanism used by the immune system and the body in general. Functions and Roles in […]