Organizing a Written Contract: Parts and Clauses

Parts of a Written Contract: Elements and Clauses

A legally binding written contract should not only meet the requirements or include all of the general elements of an enforceable contract but also follow an established standard for writing and organizing its contents. It is essential to organize these contents into components or parts to foster a logical presentation of the terms and conditions […]

Meeting of the Minds: Understanding the Concept

Meeting of the Minds: Understanding the Concept

The phrase “meeting of the minds” is a concept in contract law that represents not only the collective agreement between involved parties but also their comprehension of the terms and conditions. Also called a mutual agreement, mutual assessment, and consensus ad idem, this concept is one of the fundamental elements of an enforceable contract. Understanding […]

Kinds of Contracts: From Formation to Validity

Kinds of Contracts: From Manner of Creation to Validity

A contract represents a legally binding agreement between two or more parties. Note that there are different types or kinds of contracts, aside from formal written documents, depending on their manner of creation, fundamental nature, and extent of validity. Kinds of Contracts According to Manner of Creation There are two general kinds of contracts based […]

Elements of an Enforceable Contract

Elements of an Enforceable Contract

There are six recognized elements of an enforceable contract. Of course, as a backgrounder, a contract is a legally binding agreement between two or more parties. It details and recognizes the rights and duties of these parties, particularly the roles and responsibilities they agree to perform, as well as those that they avoid performing. Regardless […]

Wahhabism: Principles and Criticisms

Wahhabism: Principles and Criticisms

Religious leader and theologian Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab from the eighteenth century started a movement in the region of Najd intended to reform Sunni Islam, particularly to denounce practices concerning the veneration of saints and the visiting of their tombs and shrines, as well as the unhindered interpretation of Islamic teachings. To propagate his teachings […]

In Brief: Difference Between Sunni Islam and Shia Islam

In Brief: Difference Between Sunni Islam and Shia Islam

Sunni Islam and Shia Islam are the two major branches of Islam or, in other words, two of the main sectarian divisions. The general difference between the two stems from the recognized true successor to the Prophet Muhammad. Sunni Islam vs. Shia Islam: Understanding the Difference Between the Two At the core of Sunni Islam […]

Explainer: The Abdication of King Edward VIII

Explainer: The Abdication of King Edward VIII

Prince Edward effectively became King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire, and the Emperor of India when his father, King George V, died on 20 January 1936. However, his reign lasted only 11 months when he abdicated the throne on 11 December 1936, thus leading to the ascension […]

The Role of Queen Elizabeth II in World War II

The Role of Queen Elizabeth II in World War 2

The United Kingdom and the self-governing Dominions other than Ireland entered the Second World War in September 1939 when they declared war on Nazi Germany. Reigning monarch King George VI and his family resolved to stay in London despite bombing raids from the German forces and against the advice of British government officials. Lord Hailsham […]

Water Cremation 101: Pros and Cons of Alkaline Hydrolysis

Water Cremation 101: Pros and Cons of Alkaline Hydrolysis

Body disposal through alkaline hydrolysis involves placing the intact dead body in a pressurized vessel that is then filled with a mixture of water and potassium hydroxide. It is then heated to a temperature of around 160 degrees Celsius while under an elevated pressure to prevent boiling. The entire process effectively breaks down the body […]

Advantages and Disadvantages of Cremation

Advantages and Disadvantages of Cremation

Cremation has become an alternative to the burial of an intact body because of pressing concerns over limited land availability and the increasing price of burial land. It is specifically a method of final disposition of a dead body through burning or combustion. During the cremation process, the body is subjected to a temperature of […]