The Instant Gratification Monkey

The Instant Gratification Monkey

The Instant Gratification Monkey is a concept introduced by blogger Tim Urban that represents a part of the brain that interferes with rational decision-making. Specifically, this figurative creature is the reason why people procrastinate, particularly by compelling individuals to desire to experience pleasure or fulfillment without delay or deferment instead of focusing on accomplishing a […]

What is Jekyll and Hyde Leadership?

What is Jekyll and Hyde Leadership?

In their article published in the Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, researchers Jessie Lee, Gang Wang, and Ronald F. Piccolo introduced the concept of Jekyll and Hyde Leadership in a multilevel and multi-sample examination of charisma and abuse on follower and team outcomes. Take note that “Jekyll” and “Hyde” are two fictional characters from […]

Management and Leadership: The Difference

Management vs. Leadership: The Difference

The words “management” and “leadership” are often used interchangeably in casual conversations. However, several scholars in the fields of business and leadership studies have argued that these two concepts have different meanings and thus, different usage. What Is The Difference Between Management and Leadership? In his 1977 article, Abraham Zaleznik, a leading scholar and educator […]

Transformational Leadership: Strengths and Weaknesses

Transformational Leadership: Strengths and Weaknesses

The Pros: Strengths and Benefits of Transformational Leadership 1. Most Effective Style of Leadership: Studies have shown that transformational leadership is more effective than transactional leadership. One study noted that it ranked first in terms of effectiveness. Transactional leadership ranked second while the contingent reward and managing-by-expectation ranked third and fourth respectively. 2. Fosters Creativity […]

Transactional Leadership: Strengths and Weaknesses

Transactional Leadership: Strengths and Weaknesses

The Advantages: Strengths of Transactional Leadership 1. A Simplified Approach to Leadership: Simplicity is a critical advantage of transactional leadership. This model is considerably straightforward because it focuses on a direct exchange process in which the transactional leader provides the rewards while the followers perform the expected tasks in exchange. 2. Focuses on the Basic […]

Authoritarian Leadership: The Pros and Cons

Authoritarian Leadership: The Pros and Cons

The Pros: Strengths and Advantages of Authoritarian Leadership 1. Pressure is Placed on the Leader Alone: One of the strengths or advantages of authoritarian leadership is that it places all the pressure from decision-making and problem-solving on the leader. Hence, it also reduces the stress of followers by giving them a clear set of expectations. […]

The Major Theories of Leadership

What Are The Major Leadership Theories? 1. Trait Theories of Leadership: The notion that leadership is based on the attributes of an individual is called the trait theory of leadership. It argues that some attributes or characteristics make an individual an effective and efficient leader. 2. The Great Man Theory: At the core of the […]