Misinformation vs. Disinformation vs. Malinformation

Misinformation vs. Disinformation vs. Malinformation

In their 2017 white paper published by the Council of Europe, researchers Claire Wardle, PhD and Hossein Derakshan presented a framework for understanding and analyzing the challenges related to information disorder. The Wardle-Derakshan Framework also mentioned the three categories of information disorder: misinformation, disinformation, and malinformation. They noted that simplistic terms such as “fake news” […]