Water Cremation 101: Pros and Cons of Alkaline Hydrolysis

Water Cremation 101: Pros and Cons of Alkaline Hydrolysis

Body disposal through alkaline hydrolysis involves placing the intact dead body in a pressurized vessel that is then filled with a mixture of water and potassium hydroxide. It is then heated to a temperature of around 160 degrees Celsius while under an elevated pressure to prevent boiling. The entire process effectively breaks down the body […]

Advantages and Disadvantages of Cremation

Advantages and Disadvantages of Cremation

Cremation has become an alternative to the burial of an intact body because of pressing concerns over limited land availability and the increasing price of burial land. It is specifically a method of final disposition of a dead body through burning or combustion. During the cremation process, the body is subjected to a temperature of […]

The Fixation of Belief: The Four Methods

The Fixation of Belief: The Four Methods

Charles Sanders Pierce, an American philosopher and scientist who has been labeled as the father of pragmatism, wrote an essay called “The Fixation of Belief” in 1877 as part of his series of discussions about the logic of science. It examined how people acquire and hold on to beliefs or their principles, opinions, viewpoints, dogmas, […]

Health At Every Size: The 5 Principles of HAES

Health At Every Size: The 5 Principles of HAES

The Association for Size Diversity and Health or ASDAH has developed and promoted the Health At Every Size or HAES approach as a central element of its advocacy to end discrimination and stigma related to weight, lessen the cultural obsession with weight loss and thinness, and promote acceptance of diverse weights and sizes. Originally developed […]

Information Literacy: A Definition

Information Literacy: A Definition

The term “information literacy” first appeared in 1974 in a report published by the former National Commission on Libraries and Information Science. Authored by Paul G. Zurkowski, then president of Information Industry Association, the concept pertains to the competencies learned and applied by individuals to exploit different tools and sources for uncovering information, as well […]

Corporate Social Responsibility Theory of Milton Friedman

Corporate Social Responsibility Theory of Milton Friedman

In his 1970 article that appeared on the New York Times, American economist Milton Friedman discussed the social responsibility of business organizations. His argument was straightforward: the social responsibility of a business is to increase its profits. Note that he first presented this argument in hi book “Capitalism and Freedom” published in 1962. The Stakeholder […]

Individualistic vs. Structural: Theories of Poverty

Individualistic vs. Structural: Theories of Poverty

There are two competing schools of thought that theorize the causes of poverty. These are the individualistic theories and structural theories. Each school maintains a general argument for explaining the existence and pervasiveness of poverty. The Two Schools of Thought About the Causes of Poverty: Individualistic Theories vs. Structural Theories of Poverty Individualistic Theories The […]

What Is Pareto Optimality?

What Is Pareto Optimality?

Pareto optimality is a concept of efficiency promoted by Italian sociologist and economist Vilfredo Pareto. Also known as Pareto efficiency, it has been used in the social sciences such as economics and political science, as well as in moral philosophy and ethics. Note that Pareto used the concept in his studies of economic efficiency and […]