Harmful Algal Blooms: Causes and Effects

Harmful Algal Blooms: Causes and Effects

Algal bloom or algae bloom is a phenomenon characterized by a rapid increase in the population of algae in marine and freshwater ecosystems. Furthermore, this increase in population is evident from the discoloration in water from algal pigments. Nonetheless, some instances of algal blooms are harmless, while others called harmful algal blooms can present problems […]

Purpose of Bird Vocalization

Purpose of Bird Vocalization

Research in ornithology has explored and explained the different functions of bird vocalization. Ornithologists specifically determine these functions by analyzing the acoustic structures of bird calls and bird songs, how specific species of birds produce them, how they are perceived by conspecifics, and the context in which they are produced. Difference Between Bird Calls and […]