IRAC Method: Definition, Application, and Criticism

IRAC Method: Definition, Application, and Criticism

The acronym “IRAC” stands for issue, rule, application, and conclusion. More than just an acronym, it specifically corresponds to a method for legal analysis, thus providing a predefined framework or structure for legal writing, especially for composing legal documents, position papers, issue or policy evaluation, and other reports, among others. Below are the specific applications […]

Information Literacy: A Definition

Information Literacy: A Definition

The term “information literacy” first appeared in 1974 in a report published by the former National Commission on Libraries and Information Science. Authored by Paul G. Zurkowski, then president of Information Industry Association, the concept pertains to the competencies learned and applied by individuals to exploit different tools and sources for uncovering information, as well […]

Thesis and Dissertation Writing: Guideline and Outline

Thesis and Dissertation Writing: Guideline and Outline

Academic papers, particularly theses and dissertations, usually follow an established structure or format composed of five main sections. Universities adhere to this format to standardize research writing regardless of fields or disciplines, and to make it easier for advisers, panelists, and peer reviewers to evaluate these papers. Nevertheless, the following discussion provides a guideline and […]

Community College and University in the US: The Difference

Community College vs. University in the U.S.

The use of the term “community college” differs across the world. In the United States, community colleges are specific higher educational institutions that provide low-level tertiary and workforce education, as well as preliminary education for further university studies. It is important to stress the fact that a community college is different from a university. What […]

What is a Working Paper?

What is a Working Paper?

Within the scientific literature, a working paper is a scientific or technical paper produced by researchers to share ideas about a particular topic or obtain feedback from a selected readership, particularly groups of researchers or relevant scientific communities. It is in this regard that a working paper is also called a discussion paper. Take note […]