The Fixation of Belief: The Four Methods

The Fixation of Belief: The Four Methods

Charles Sanders Pierce, an American philosopher and scientist who has been labeled as the father of pragmatism, wrote an essay called “The Fixation of Belief” in 1877 as part of his series of discussions about the logic of science. It examined how people acquire and hold on to beliefs or their principles, opinions, viewpoints, dogmas, […]

Glenn Borchardt: 10 Assumptions of Science

Glenn Borchardt: 10 Assumptions of Science

In his book “The Ten Assumptions of Science: Toward a New Scientific Worldview,” Dr. Glenn Borchardt presented a set of assumptions he deemed would define 21st-century scientific philosophy. He specifically argued that assumptions and not absolutes are necessary for scientific thinking. Furthermore, he noted how critical choices among underlying assumptions either clarify or muddle scientific […]

Major Works of Milton Friedman

Major Works of Milton Friedman

Milton Friedman was an American economist who won the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1976 for his research on consumption analysis, monetary history and theory, and for his demonstration of the complexity of stabilization policy. Aside from this achievement, his significant contributions brought forth economic theories and models that challenged existing models and […]

The Basic Principles of Kantian Ethics

Kantian ethics is an ethical theory primarily based on deontological ethics or deontology. German philosopher Immanuel Kant developed the specific tenets behind this theory in response to the Age of Enlightenment. However, as a type of deontological ethics, its basic principle is that the morality of an action should not be based on its consequences […]